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Natural Resources

The Mekong River Basin encompasses a vast range of geographic and climatic zones; as a result, it is endowed with diverse and abundant natural resources. Among the world’s river basins, only the Amazon possesses a greater diversity of plants and animals. On average, an astounding 15,000 m3 of water flows into the Mekong mainstream from the surrounding basin area every second – enough to meet the daily needs of 100,000 people. The water irrigates large tracts of forest and wetlands that produce building materials, medicines and food and serve as habitats for thousands of species.

The Basin contains many and varied wetlands that perform wide-ranging functions and sustain key social, economic and cultural values. Wetlands also play a vital role in supporting the livelihoods of local people, providing a productive environment for agriculture, aquaculture, capture fisheries, non-fish aquatic goods and tourism revenue. In addition, natural wetlands provide equally important indirect benefits, such as flood mitigation, water storage and wastewater treatment.

Mekong River Basin countries form a large section of the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. A broad variety of ecosystems are present in the region, including mixed wet evergreen, dry evergreen, deciduous and montane forests, shrub lands and woodlands on karst limestone outcrops, and mangroves. Non-timber forest products provide an important source of income for rural people and supply markets with a vast array of plant and animal products, including foods, medicines, exudates and dyes.

Known mineral resources in the Basin include gold, copper, lead, zinc, phosphate, potash, oil and gas, coal and gemstone (principally corundum, including rubies and sapphires). The mineral potential of the Basin remains largely unexploited.

Wetlands

Extent of wetlands in the Lower Mekong Basin. Source: MRC, 2010

The Basin’s numerous and varied wetlands support essential social, economic and cultural values. The wetlands provide productive environments for rice cultivation, freshwater capture fisheries, other forms of agriculture and aquaculture and tourism.

Natural wetlands also provide equally important indirect benefits:

  • Wetlands absorb potentially disastrous floodwaters during the wet season
  • Mangroves in the delta’s coastal areas prevent erosion and trap nutrients that contribute to agricultural and fisheries productivity
  • Urban and peri-urban wetlands filter excessive nutrients and toxins from agricultural, industrial and municipal wastewater before it enters the Mekong mainstream.

Latest News

Germany supplies scientific equipment to MRC to monitor dam impacts

The government of Germany today provided equipment for the Mekong River Commission (MRC) to monitor transboundary environmental impacts from two mainstream dams on the Lower Mekong River.

MRC Secretariat, International Office for Water partner for better water and information management

Regional and national information management systems improvement, and exchanges of knowledge and staff are among the key areas to benefit from a new partnership between the Mekong River Commission (MRC) Secretariat and International Office for Water (OIEa

Facebook joins with Mekong River Commission to raise awareness about flood and drought in the Mekong

Facebook and the MRC Secretariat today launched a collaboration initiative to provide early flood alert and drought monitoring.


Latest Events

The 9th MRC Regional Stakeholder Forum

BDS & LPBHPP

Cambodia, Thailand continue their project on flood and drought management

Cambodia and Thailand have launched a second phase of their joint project on transboundary cooperation for flood and drought management for the Tonle Sap sub-basin (9C/9T) to continue building a better understanding and management of water resources and a

The 8th MRC Regional Stakeholder Forum

BDS & LPBHPP